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Issue 19, 2017
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Tuning crystalline ordering by annealing and additives to study its effect on exciton diffusion in a polyalkylthiophene copolymer

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Abstract

The influence of various processing conditions on the singlet exciton diffusion is explored in films of a conjugated random copolymer poly-(3-hexylthiophene-co-3-dodecylthiophene) (P3HT-co-P3DDT) and correlated with the degree of crystallinity probed by grazing incidence X-ray scattering and with exciton bandwidth determined from absorption spectra. The exciton diffusion coefficient is deduced from exciton–exciton annihilation measurements and is found to increase by more than a factor of three when thin films are annealed using CS2 solvent vapour. A doubling of exciton diffusion coefficient is observed upon melt annealing at 200 °C and the corresponding films show about 50% enhancement in the degree of crystallinity. In contrast, films fabricated from polymer solutions containing a small amount of either solvent additive or nucleating agent show a decrease in exciton diffusion coefficient possibly due to formation of traps for excitons. Our results suggest that the enhancement of exciton diffusivity occurs because of increased crystallinity of alkyl-stacking and longer conjugation of aggregated chains which reduces the exciton bandwidth.

Graphical abstract: Tuning crystalline ordering by annealing and additives to study its effect on exciton diffusion in a polyalkylthiophene copolymer

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Article information


Submitted
09 Feb 2017
Accepted
24 Apr 2017
First published
24 Apr 2017

This article is Open Access

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 12441-12451
Article type
Paper

Tuning crystalline ordering by annealing and additives to study its effect on exciton diffusion in a polyalkylthiophene copolymer

M. Chowdhury, M. T. Sajjad, V. Savikhin, N. Hergué, K. B. Sutija, S. D. Oosterhout, M. F. Toney, P. Dubois, A. Ruseckas and I. D. W. Samuel, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 12441
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP00877E

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