Thermal contact resistance across a linear heterojunction within a hybrid graphene/hexagonal boron nitride sheet
Interfacial thermal conductance plays a vital role in defining the thermal properties of nanostructured materials in which heat transfer is predominantly phonon mediated. In this work, the thermal contact resistance (R) of a linear heterojunction within a hybrid graphene/hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) sheet is characterized using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations. The effects of system dimension, heat flux direction, temperature and tensile strain on the predicted R values are investigated. The spatiotemporal evolution of thermal energies from the graphene to the h-BN sheet reveals that the main energy carrier in graphene is the flexural phonon (ZA) mode, which also has the most energy transmissions across the interface. The calculated R decreases monotonically from 5.2 × 10−10 to 2.2 × 10−10 K m2 W−1 with system lengths ranging from 20 to 100 nm. For a 40 nm length hybrid system, the calculated R decreases by 42% from 4.1 × 10−10 to 2.4 × 10−10 K m2 W−1 when the system temperature increases from 200 K to 600 K. The study of the strain effect shows that the thermal contact resistance R between h-BN and graphene sheets increases with the tensile strain. Detailed phonon density of states (PDOS) is computed to understand the thermal resistance results.