Observation of single-file diffusion in a MOF
The translational and rotational dynamics of neopentane adsorbed in the one-dimensional channels of MIL-47(V) has been studied by quasi-elastic neutron scattering. The rotational motion of neopentane is well-described by the rotational diffusion model, with a correlation time of 41 ps at 300 K. The translational motion of the molecule has been fitted by several models: isotropic diffusion, normal 1D and single-file diffusion. It is found that the observed line shapes can only be reproduced by the single-file diffusion model. The single-file mobility factor, F, is (8 ± 1) × 10−14 m2 s−1/2 at 300 K. This is the first observation of this unusual diffusion behaviour in a MOF.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Neutron Scattering in Catalysis and Energy Materials