Fano resonance in a gold nanosphere with a J-aggregate coating
We present a facile method to induce J-aggregate formation on gold nanospheres in colloidal solution using polyvinylsulfate. The nanoparticle J-aggregate complex results in an absorption spectrum with a split lineshape due to plasmon–exciton coupling, i.e. via the formation of upper and lower plexcitonic branches. The use of nanoparticles with different plasmon resonances alters the position of the upper plexcitonic band while the lower band remains at the same wavelength. This splitting is investigated theoretically, and shown analytically to arise from Fano resonance between the plasmon of the gold nanoparticles and exciton of the J-aggregates. A theoretical simulation of a J-aggregate coated and uncoated gold nanosphere produces an absorption spectrum that shows good agreement with the experimentally measured spectra.