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Issue 32, 2015
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An ultrafast spectroscopic and quantum mechanical investigation of multiple emissions in push–pull pyridinium derivatives bearing different electron donors

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Abstract

A joint experimental and theoretical approach, involving state-of-the-art femtosecond fluorescence up-conversion measurements and quantum mechanical computations including vibronic effects, was employed to get a deep insight into the excited state dynamics of two cationic dipolar chromophores (Donor–π–Acceptor+) where the electron deficient portion is a N-methyl pyridinium and the electron donor a trimethoxyphenyl or a pyrene, respectively. The ultrafast spectroscopic investigation, and the time resolved area normalised emission spectra in particular, revealed a peculiar multiple emissive behaviour and allowed the distinct emitting states to be remarkably distinguished from solvation dynamics, occurring in water in a similar timescale. The two and three emissions experimentally detected for the trimethoxyphenyl and pyrene derivatives, respectively, were associated with specific local emissive minima in the potential energy surface of S1 on the ground of quantum–mechanical calculations. A low polar and planar Locally Excited (LE) state together with a highly polar and Twisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer (TICT) state is identified to be responsible for the dual emission of the trimethoxyphenyl compound. Interestingly, the more complex photobehaviour of the pyrenyl derivative was explained considering the contribution to the fluorescence coming not only from the LE and TICT states but also from a nearly Planar Intramolecular Charge Transfer (PICT) state, with both the TICT and the PICT generated from LE by progressive torsion around the quasi-single bond between the methylpyridinium and the ethene bridge. These findings point to an interconversion between rotamers for the pyrene compound taking place in its excited state against the Non-equilibrated Excited Rotamers (NEER) principle.

Graphical abstract: An ultrafast spectroscopic and quantum mechanical investigation of multiple emissions in push–pull pyridinium derivatives bearing different electron donors

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Jun 2015, accepted on 05 Jul 2015 and first published on 08 Jul 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP03207E
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Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015,17, 20981-20989

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    An ultrafast spectroscopic and quantum mechanical investigation of multiple emissions in push–pull pyridinium derivatives bearing different electron donors

    B. Carlotti, E. Benassi, A. Cesaretti, C. G. Fortuna, A. Spalletti, V. Barone and F. Elisei, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015, 17, 20981
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CP03207E

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