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Issue 27, 2014
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Specific adsorption of perchlorate anions on Pt{hkl} single crystal electrodes

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Abstract

The voltammetry of Pt{111}, Pt{100}, Pt{110} and Pt{311} single crystal electrodes as a function of perchloric acid concentration (0.05–2.00 M) has been studied in order to test the assertion made in recent reports by Watanabe et al. that perchlorate anions specifically adsorb on polycrystalline platinum. Such an assertion would have significant ramifications for our understanding of electrocatalytic processes at platinum surfaces since perchlorate anions at low pH have classically been assumed not to specifically adsorb. For Pt{111}, it is found that OHad and electrochemical oxide states are both perturbed significantly as perchloric acid concentration is increased. We suggest that this is due to specific adsorption of perchlorate anions competing with OHad for adsorption sites. The hydrogen underpotential deposition (H UPD) region of Pt{111} however remains unchanged although evidence for perchlorate anion decomposition to chloride on Pt{111} is reported. In contrast, for Pt{100} no variation in the onset of electrochemical oxide formation is found nor any shift in the potential of the OHad state which normally results from the action of specifically adsorbing anions. This suggests that perchlorate anions are non-specifically adsorbed on this plane although strong changes in all H UPD states are observed as perchloric acid concentration is increased. This manifests itself as a redistribution of charge from the H UPD state situated at more positive potential to the one at more negative potential. For Pt{110} and Pt{311}, marginal changes in the onset of electrochemical oxide formation are recorded, associated with specific adsorption of perchlorate. Specific adsorption of perchlorate anions on Pt{111} is deleterious to electrocatalytic activity in relation to the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) as measured using a rotating disc electrode (RDE) in a hanging meniscus configuration. This study supports previous work suggesting that a large component of the ORR activity on platinum is governed by simple site blocking by specifically adsorbed anions and/or electrosorbed oxide.

Graphical abstract: Specific adsorption of perchlorate anions on Pt{hkl} single crystal electrodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Feb 2014, accepted on 25 Mar 2014 and first published on 25 Mar 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CP00564C
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Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 13689-13698

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    Specific adsorption of perchlorate anions on Pt{hkl} single crystal electrodes

    G. A. Attard, A. Brew, K. Hunter, J. Sharman and E. Wright, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 13689
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CP00564C

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