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Issue 13, 2013
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Screening of transition and post-transition metals to incorporate into copper oxide and copper bismuth oxide for photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution

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Abstract

A new dispenser and scanner system is used to create and screen Bi–M–Cu oxide arrays for cathodic photoactivity, where M represents 1 of 22 different transition and post-transition metals. Over 3000 unique Bi : M : Cu atomic ratios are screened. Of the 22 metals tested, 10 show a M–Cu oxide with higher photoactivity than CuO and 10 show a Bi–M–Cu oxide with higher photoactivity than CuBi2O4. Cd, Zn, Sn, and Co produce the most photoactive M–Cu oxides, all showing a 200–300% improvement in photocurrent over CuO. Ag, Cd, and Zn produce the highest photoactivity Bi–M–Cu oxides with a 200–400% improvement over CuBi2O4. Most notable is a Bi–Ag–Cu oxide (Bi : Ag : Cu atomic ratio of 22 : 3 : 11) which shows 4 times higher photocurrent than CuBi2O4. This material is capable of evolving hydrogen under illumination in neutral electrolyte solutions at 0.6 V vs. RHE when Pt is added to the surface as an electrocatalyst.

Graphical abstract: Screening of transition and post-transition metals to incorporate into copper oxide and copper bismuth oxide for photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
29 Oct 2012
Accepted
07 Feb 2013
First published
11 Feb 2013

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 4554-4565
Article type
Paper

Screening of transition and post-transition metals to incorporate into copper oxide and copper bismuth oxide for photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution

S. P. Berglund, H. C. Lee, P. D. Núñez, A. J. Bard and C. B. Mullins, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 4554
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP50540E

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