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Issue 26, 2013
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Shifts in the temperature of maximum density (TMD) of ionic liquid aqueous solutions

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Abstract

This work investigates for the first time shifts in the temperature of maximum density (TMD) of water caused by ionic liquid solutes. A vast amount of high-precision volumetric data—more than 6000 equilibrated (static) high-precision density determination corresponding to ∼90 distinct ionic liquid aqueous solutions of 28 different types of ionic liquid—allowed us to analyze the TMD shifts for different homologous series or similar sets of ionic solutes and explain the overall effects in terms of hydrophobic, electrostatic and hydrogen-bonding contributions. The differences between the observed TMD shifts in the −2 < t/°C < 4 range and salting-in or salting-out effects produced by the same type of ions in aqueous solutions at higher temperatures are discussed taking into account the different types of possible solute–water interactions that can modify the structure of the aqueous phase. The results also reveal different insights concerning the nature of the ions that constitute typical ionic liquids and are consistent with previous results that established hydrophobic and hydrophilic scales for ionic liquid ions based on their specific interactions with water and other probe molecules.

Graphical abstract: Shifts in the temperature of maximum density (TMD) of ionic liquid aqueous solutions

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Article information


Submitted
28 Jan 2013
Accepted
23 Apr 2013
First published
24 Apr 2013

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 10960-10970
Article type
Paper

Shifts in the temperature of maximum density (TMD) of ionic liquid aqueous solutions

M. Tariq, J. M. S. S. Esperança, M. R. C. Soromenho, L. P. N. Rebelo and J. N. C. Lopes, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 10960
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP50387A

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