Fundamental and overtone vibrational spectroscopy, enthalpy of hydrogen bond formation and equilibrium constant determination of the methanol–dimethylamine complex
We have measured gas phase vibrational spectra of the bimolecular complex formed between methanol (MeOH) and dimethylamine (DMA) up to about 9800 cm−1. In addition to the strong fundamental OH-stretching transition we have also detected the weak second overtone NH-stretching transition. The spectra of the complex are obtained by spectral subtraction of the monomer spectra from spectra recorded for the mixture. For comparison, we also measured the fundamental OH-stretching transition in the bimolecular complex between MeOH and trimethylamine (TMA). The enthalpies of hydrogen bond formation (ΔH) for the MeOH–DMA and MeOH–TMA complexes have been determined by measurements of the fundamental OH-stretching transition in the temperature range from 298 to 358 K. The enthalpy of formation is found to be −35.8 ± 3.9 and −38.2 ± 3.3 kJ mol−1 for MeOH–DMA and MeOH–TMA, respectively, in the 298 to 358 K region. The equilibrium constant (Kp) for the formation of the MeOH–DMA complex has been determined from the measured and calculated transition intensities of the OH-stretching fundamental transition and the NH-stretching second overtone transition. The transition intensities were calculated using an anharmonic oscillator local mode model with dipole moment and potential energy curves calculated using explicitly correlated coupled cluster methods. The equilibrium constant for formation of the MeOH–DMA complex was determined to be 0.2 ± 0.1 atm−1, corresponding to a ΔG value of about 4.0 kJ mol−1.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Spectroscopy and dynamics of medium-sized molecules and clusters