Exact time-dependent density functional theory for impurity models†
We employ the density matrix renormalization group to construct the exact time-dependent exchange–correlation potential for an impurity model with an applied transport voltage. Even for short-ranged interaction we find an infinitely long-ranged exchange–correlation potential which is built up instantly after switching on the voltage. Our result demonstrates the fundamental difficulties of transport calculations based on time-dependent density functional theory. While formally the approach works, important information can be missing in the ground-state functionals and may be hidden in the usually unknown non-equilibrium functionals.