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Issue 10, 2013
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Understanding CeO2 as a Deacon catalyst by probe molecule adsorption and in situ infrared characterisations

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Abstract

CeO2 has been identified as an efficient catalyst for HCl oxidation in the temperature range of 623–723 K provided that the oxygen content in the feed mixture was sufficiently high to avoid bulk chlorination and thus deactivation. Here we characterise ceria in its fresh and post-reaction states by adsorption of CO2, NH3 and CO. Micro-calorimetry, FTIR and TPD experiments are complemented by DFT calculations, which assess adsorption energies and vibrational frequencies. The calculations were performed on the lowest energy surface, CeO2(111), with perfect termination and with various degrees of hydroxylation and/or chlorination. Both experiments and calculations suggest that the basic character of the ceria surface has been eliminated upon reaction in HCl oxidation, indicating that most of the basic lattice O sites are exchanged by chlorine and that the OH groups formed are rather acidic. The density and the strength of surface acidic functions increased significantly upon reaction. An in situ FTIR reaction cell has been designed and constructed to study the evolution of OH group density of the ceria surface during HCl oxidation. The effect of experimental variables, such as pO2, pHCl and temperature, has been investigated. We found that the OH group density positively correlated with the reactivity in the pO2 and temperature series, whereas negative correlation was observed when pHCl was varied. Implications of the above observations to the reaction mechanism are discussed.

Graphical abstract: Understanding CeO2 as a Deacon catalyst by probe molecule adsorption and in situ infrared characterisations

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Article information


Submitted
08 Aug 2012
Accepted
30 Dec 2012
First published
03 Jan 2013

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 3454-3465
Article type
Paper

Understanding CeO2 as a Deacon catalyst by probe molecule adsorption and in situ infrared characterisations

R. Farra, S. Wrabetz, M. E. Schuster, E. Stotz, N. G. Hamilton, A. P. Amrute, J. Pérez-Ramírez, N. López and D. Teschner, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 3454
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP42767B

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