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Issue 31, 2012
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Sparse sampling methods in multidimensional NMR

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Although the discrete Fourier transform played an enabling role in the development of modern NMR spectroscopy, it suffers from a well-known difficulty providing high-resolution spectra from short data records. In multidimensional NMR experiments, so-called indirect time dimensions are sampled parametrically, with each instance of evolution times along the indirect dimensions sampled via separate one-dimensional experiments. The time required to conduct multidimensional experiments is directly proportional to the number of indirect evolution times sampled. Despite remarkable advances in resolution with increasing magnetic field strength, multiple dimensions remain essential for resolving individual resonances in NMR spectra of biological macromolecues. Conventional Fourier-based methods of spectrum analysis limit the resolution that can be practically achieved in the indirect dimensions. Nonuniform or sparse data collection strategies, together with suitable non-Fourier methods of spectrum analysis, enable high-resolution multidimensional spectra to be obtained. Although some of these approaches were first employed in NMR more than two decades ago, it is only relatively recently that they have been widely adopted. Here we describe the current practice of sparse sampling methods and prospects for further development of the approach to improve resolution and sensitivity and shorten experiment time in multidimensional NMR. While sparse sampling is particularly promising for multidimensional NMR, the basic principles could apply to other forms of multidimensional spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract: Sparse sampling methods in multidimensional NMR

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Article information

17 Jan 2012
06 Mar 2012
First published
06 Mar 2012

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 10835-10843
Article type

Sparse sampling methods in multidimensional NMR

M. Mobli, M. W. Maciejewski, A. D. Schuyler, A. S. Stern and J. C. Hoch, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 10835
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40174F

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