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Issue 16, 2012

A hierarchical architecture S/MWCNT nanomicrosphere with large pores for lithium sulfur batteries

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Abstract

A hierarchical S/MWCNT nanomicrosphere for lithium/sulfur batteries with a high power and energy density as well as an excellent cycle life is introduced. Sulfur was uniformly coated on the surface of functional MWCNTs, which serves as a carbon matrix, to form a typical nanoscale core–shell structure with a sulfur layer of thickness 10–20 nm. Then the nanoscale sulfur intermediate composite was ball-milled to form interwoven and porous sphere architecture with large pores (around 1 μm to 5 μm). Different from most sulfur/carbon materials with micropore and mesopore structure, the micrometre scale S/MWCNT nanomicrosphere with a large pore structure could also exhibit high sulfur utilization and cycle retention. It could maintain a reversible capacity of 1000 mA h g−1 after 100 cycles at 0.3 A g−1 current density. And it even remained 780 mA h g−1 after 200 cycles at 0.5 A g−1 and 650 mA h g−1 after 200 cycles at 1 A g−1, showing a significant cyclability enhancement. It is believed that under the collective effect of hierarchical architecture, as well as the existence of carboxyl functional groups, sulfur/carbon materials with large pores could also exhibit an excellent electrochemical performance. The synthesis process introduced here is simple and broadly applicable, which would not only be beneficial to design new materials for lithium sulfur batteries but can also be extended to many different electrode materials for lithium ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: A hierarchical architecture S/MWCNT nanomicrosphere with large pores for lithium sulfur batteries

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
15 Jan 2012
Accepted
13 Feb 2012
First published
14 Feb 2012

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 5376-5382
Article type
Paper

A hierarchical architecture S/MWCNT nanomicrosphere with large pores for lithium sulfur batteries

J. Chen, Q. Zhang, Y. Shi, L. Qin, Y. Cao, M. Zheng and Q. Dong, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 5376 DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40141J

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