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Issue 47, 2011
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Heterogeneous oxidation kinetics of organic biomass burning aerosol surrogates by O3, NO2, N2O5, and NO3

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Abstract

The reactive uptake coefficients (γ) of O3, NO2, N2O5, and NO3 by levoglucosan, abietic acid, nitroguaiacol, and an atmospherically relevant mixture of those species serving as surrogates for biomass burning aerosol have been determined employing a chemical ionization mass spectrometer coupled to a rotating-wall flow-tube reactor. γ of O3, NO2, N2O5, and NO3 in the presence of O2 are in the range of 1−8 × 10−5, <10−6−5 × 10−5, 4−6 × 10−5, and 1−26 × 10−3, respectively, for the investigated organic substrates. Within experimental uncertainties the uptake of NO3 was not sensitive to relative humidity levels of 30 and 60%. NO3 uptake experiments involving substrates of levoglucosan, abietic acid, and the mixture exhibit an initial strong uptake of NO3 followed by NO3 gas-phase recovery as a function of NO3 exposure. In contrast, the uptake of NO3 by nitroguaiacol continuously proceeds at the same efficiency for investigated NO3 exposures. The derived oxidative power, i.e. the product of γ and atmospheric oxidant concentration, for applied oxidants is similar or significantly larger in magnitude than for OH, emphasizing the potential importance of these oxidants for particle oxidation. Estimated atmospheric lifetimes for the topmost organic layer with respect to O3, NO2, N2O5, and NO3 oxidation for typical polluted conditions range between 1–112 min, indicating the potential for significant chemical transformation during atmospheric transport. The contact angles determined prior to, and after heterogeneous oxidation by NO3, representative of 50 ppt for 1 day, do not decrease and thus do not indicate a significant increase in hygroscopicity with potential impacts on water uptake and cloud formation processes.

Graphical abstract: Heterogeneous oxidation kinetics of organic biomass burning aerosol surrogates by O3, NO2, N2O5, and NO3

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Aug 2011, accepted on 26 Sep 2011 and first published on 21 Oct 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22478F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 21050-21062

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    Heterogeneous oxidation kinetics of organic biomass burning aerosol surrogates by O3, NO2, N2O5, and NO3

    D. A. Knopf, S. M. Forrester and J. H. Slade, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 21050
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22478F

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