Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance work on Wednesday 27th March 2019 from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM (GMT).

During this time our website performance may be temporarily affected. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.

Issue 40, 2011
Previous Article Next Article

Proton transfer and autoionization in HNO3·HCl·(H2O)n particles

Author affiliations


The structure and spectroscopic properties of clusters of HNO3·HCl·(H2O)n, with n = 1 to 6, have been calculated at the MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ level of theory. Altogether 22 different clusters have been found as stable structures, with minima in their potential energy surfaces. The clusters can be grouped in families with the same number of water molecules, and with close aggregation energies within each family. The addition of each new water molecule increments the aggregation energy of the clusters by a nearly constant value of 76.2 ± 0.1 Hartree. The proton transfer parameter and the coordination number of HNO3 and HCl in each cluster have been evaluated, and the wavenumber shifts for the X-H+ vibration from the corresponding mode in the isolated molecules have also been predicted. These values allow classification of the acidic species in the clusters into three types, characterized by the strength of the hydrogen bond and the degree of ionization. A correspondence is found between the coordination number of HNO3 and the magnitude of the X-H+ vibrational shift.

Graphical abstract: Proton transfer and autoionization in HNO3·HCl·(H2O)n particles

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jul 2011, accepted on 02 Sep 2011 and first published on 19 Sep 2011

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22322D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 18145-18153

  •   Request permissions

    Proton transfer and autoionization in HNO3·HCl·(H2O)n particles

    F. M. Balcı, N. Uras-Aytemiz, P. C. Gómez and R. Escribano, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 18145
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22322D

Search articles by author