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Issue 13, 2011
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Electronic structures and excitonic transitions in nanocrystalline iron-doped tin dioxide diluted magnetic semiconductor films: an optical spectroscopic study

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Abstract

Nanocrystalline iron-doped tin dioxide (Sn1−xFexO2) films with x from 0 to 0.2 were prepared on c-sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition. X-ray diffraction and Raman scattering analysis show that the films are of the rutile structure at low compositions and an impurity phase related to Fe2O3 appears until the x is up to 0.2, suggesting the general change of lattice structure due to the Fe ion substitution. The dielectric functions are successfully determined from 0.0248 to 6.5 eV using the Lorentz multi-oscillator and Tauc-Lorentz dispersion models in the low and high photon energy regions, respectively. With increasing Fe composition, the highest-frequency transverse optical phonons Eu shifts towards a lower energy side and can be well described by (608 − 178x) cm−1. From the transmittance spectra, the fundamental absorption edge is found to be decreased with the Fe composition due to the joint contributions from SnO2 and Fe2O3. It can be observed that the doped films exhibit evident excitonic excitation features, which are strongly related to the Fe doping. Among them, the 6A1g → 4T2g transition contributes to the onset of optical absorption. Moreover, the remarkable intensity reduction and a red-shift trend with the doping composition, except for the pure film, can be testified by the photoluminescence spectra. It can be concluded that the replacement of Sn with the Fe ion could induce the 2p–3d hybridization and result in the electronic band structure modification of the Sn1−xFexO2 films.

Graphical abstract: Electronic structures and excitonic transitions in nanocrystalline iron-doped tin dioxide diluted magnetic semiconductor films: an optical spectroscopic study

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Article information


Submitted
16 Aug 2010
Accepted
27 Jan 2011
First published
02 Mar 2011

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 6211-6222
Article type
Paper

Electronic structures and excitonic transitions in nanocrystalline iron-doped tin dioxide diluted magnetic semiconductor films: an optical spectroscopic study

W. Yu, K. Jiang, J. Wu, J. Gan, M. Zhu, Z. Hu and J. Chu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 6211
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP01503B

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