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Issue 8, 2011
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Long distance energy transfer in a polymer matrix doped with a perylene dye

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Exciton migration over long distances is a key issue for various applications in organic electronics. We investigate a disordered material system which has the potential for long exciton diffusion lengths in combination with a high versatility. The perylene bisimide dye Perylene Red is incorporated in a polymer matrix with a high concentration. The dye molecules represent active sites with a narrow energy distribution for the electronically excited states. Excitons can be efficiently exchanged between them by Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). The narrow energy distribution reduces drastically the trapping probability of the excitons compared to polymers and allows for long transfer distances. To characterize the mobility of the excitons and their diffusion length the dye Oxazine 1 is added as an acceptor in low concentration and the transfer probability to the acceptor is determined by measuring the reduction of Perylene Red fluorescence. The quenched quantum yield is measured for dye concentrations varying from 0.05 M to 0.15 M for Perylene Red and from 0.3 mM to 3 mM for Oxazine 1. The experimental results are compared to a model which assumes that excitons can diffuse through the material by FRET between Perylene Red sites and are trapped at an acceptor with a final hetero FRET step. We find a quite good match between theory and experiment though the observed diffusion constant is about two times smaller than the calculated one. The exciton diffusion length extracted from the data is 30 nm for a Perylene Red concentration of 0.1 M and demonstrates that long distance energy transfer is possible in this disordered material system.

Graphical abstract: Long distance energy transfer in a polymer matrix doped with a perylene dye

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jul 2010, accepted on 25 Nov 2010 and first published on 06 Jan 2011

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP01211D
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 3527-3533

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    Long distance energy transfer in a polymer matrix doped with a perylene dye

    F. Fennel and S. Lochbrunner, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 3527
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CP01211D

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