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Issue 36, 2010
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The influence of concentration on the molecular surface structure of simple and mixed aqueous electrolytes

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Abstract

We investigate various mechanisms contributing to the surface ion distributions in simple and mixed aqueous alkali-halide solutions depending on the total salt concentration, using a combination of photoelectron spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations. In simple solutions, the surface enhancement of large polarizable anions is reduced with increasing concentration. In the case of a NaBr/NaCl mixed aqueous solution, with bromide as the minority component, the situation is more complex. While the total anion/cation charge separation is similarly reduced with increasing salt content, this alone does not uniquely determine the ion distribution due to the co-existence of two different anions, Br and Cl. We show that bromide is selectively surface enhanced at higher concentrations, despite the fact that the total anion surface enhancement is reduced. This phenomenon, which can be viewed as “salting out” of bromide by NaCl might have consequences for our understanding of the surface structure of mixed aqueous solutions subjected to concentration increase due to dehydration, such as seawater-born aerosols.

Graphical abstract: The influence of concentration on the molecular surface structure of simple and mixed aqueous electrolytes

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Article information


Submitted
27 Apr 2010
Accepted
14 Jun 2010
First published
08 Jul 2010

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 10693-10700
Article type
Paper

The influence of concentration on the molecular surface structure of simple and mixed aqueous electrolytes

N. Ottosson, J. Heyda, E. Wernersson, W. Pokapanich, S. Svensson, B. Winter, G. Öhrwall, P. Jungwirth and O. Björneholm, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 10693
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP00365D

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