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Issue 33, 2009
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Reversed redox generation of silyl radicals in a four-electrode flow-through EPR spectroelectrochemical cell

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Abstract

A flow-through four-electrode EPR spectroelectrochemical cell was developed which allowed the observation of silyl radical formation in apparently multielectron electrochemical processes, in which these species could not be detected directly because of the high driving force of their further reduction/oxidation leading to non-paramagnetic products. Silyl radicals thus generated were characterized by spin trapping with α-phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone (PBN), intramolecular spin trapping or by direct detection. The overall multielectron process is realized in the first, generating, compartment of the cell and the ionic species formed are then transformed into the corresponding radicals in the second compartment via a one-electron redox process in the opposite direction, e.g. two-electron reductions of Ph3SiCl or Et3SiCl followed by one-electron oxidation of the resulting Ph3Si or Et3Si anions (+2e/−e process). These radical species were then identified as their secondary paramagnetic products or by their spin trapping with PBN. Using (2-[cyclohex-3-enyl]ethyl)dimethyl chlorosilane in this process, the formation of the silicon-centered radical and its intramolecular addition across the internal double bond were evidenced by spin trapping. The reduction of electrophilic silicon intermediates issued from the oxidation of Ph3SiSiPh3 (−2e/+2e process) resulted in Ph3Si˙ radicals trapped with PBN. The reduction of the electrochemically prepared persistent dication of a stable disilene, thiatetrasilacyclopentene, allowed generation of a disilene cation radical characterized by EPR.

Graphical abstract: Reversed redox generation of silyl radicals in a four-electrode flow-through EPR spectroelectrochemical cell

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Mar 2009, accepted on 06 May 2009 and first published on 02 Jun 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B905072H
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2009,11, 7161-7170

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    Reversed redox generation of silyl radicals in a four-electrode flow-through EPR spectroelectrochemical cell

    J. Zeitouny and V. Jouikov, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2009, 11, 7161
    DOI: 10.1039/B905072H

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