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Issue 11, 2009
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Charge delocalization dynamics of ammonia in different hydrogen bonding environments: free clusters and in liquid water solution

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Abstract

Valence and core level photoelectron spectra and Auger electron spectra of ammonia in pure clusters have been measured. The Auger electron spectra of gas-phase ammonia, pure ammonia clusters and ammonia in aqueous solution are compared and interpreted via ab initio calculations of the Auger spectrum of the ammonia monomer and dimer. The calculations reveal that the final two-hole valence states can be delocalized over both ammonia molecules. Features at energies pertaining to delocalized states involving one, or more, hydrogen bonding orbitals can be found in both the ammonia cluster Auger electron spectrum and in that of the liquid solvated molecule. The lower Coulombic repulsion between two delocalized valence final state holes gives higher kinetic energy of the Auger electrons which is also observed in the spectra. This decay path—specific to the condensed phase—is responsible for more than 5% of the total cluster Auger intensity. Moreover, this interpretation is also applicable to the solid phase since the same features have been observed, but not assigned, in the Auger spectrum of solid ammonia.

Graphical abstract: Charge delocalization dynamics of ammonia in different hydrogen bonding environments: free clusters and in liquid water solution

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Article information


Submitted
08 Sep 2008
Accepted
18 Dec 2008
First published
30 Jan 2009

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2009,11, 1758-1764
Article type
Paper

Charge delocalization dynamics of ammonia in different hydrogen bonding environments: free clusters and in liquid water solution

A. Lindblad, H. Bergersen, W. Pokapanich, M. Tchaplyguine, G. Öhrwall and O. Björneholm, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2009, 11, 1758
DOI: 10.1039/B815657C

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