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Issue 34, 2007

Formation and properties of metal clusters isolated in helium droplets

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Abstract

The unique conditions forming atomic and molecular complexes and clusters using superfluid helium nanodroplets have opened up an innovative route for studying the physical and chemical properties of matter on the nanoscale. This review summarizes the specific characteristics of the formation of atomic clusters partly generated far from equilibrium in the helium environment. Special emphasis is on the optical response, electronic properties as well as dynamical processes which are mostly affected by the surrounding quantum matrix. Experiments include the optical induced response of isolated cluster systems in helium under quite different excitation conditions ranging from the linear regime up to the violent interaction with a strong laser field leading to Coulomb explosion and the generation of highly charged atomic fragments. The variety of results on the outstanding properties in the quantum size regime highlights the peculiar capabilities of helium nanodroplet isolation spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract: Formation and properties of metal clusters isolated in helium droplets

Article information


Submitted
09 Mar 2007
Accepted
01 May 2007
First published
12 Jul 2007

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007,9, 4748-4770
Article type
Invited Article

Formation and properties of metal clusters isolated in helium droplets

J. Tiggesbäumker and F. Stienkemeier, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007, 9, 4748 DOI: 10.1039/B703575F

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