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Issue 8, 2017
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Porous Si@C coaxial nanotubes: layer-by-layer assembly on ZnO nanorod templates and application to lithium-ion batteries

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Abstract

Porous Si@C coaxial nanotubes were prepared by layer-by-layer assembly on ZnO nanorod templates and subsequent magnesiothermic reaction. ZnO nanorods have been firstly synthesized by a seed-assisted method, which can act as the optimum template to deposit SiO2 and carbon layers, respectively. After the magnesiothermic reaction, the compact SiO2 layer turns into a porous Si layer, leading to the Si@C coaxial nanotubes. The porous Si@C coaxial nanotubes demonstrate excellent cycling stability and high specific capacity as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, which are extremely better than bare Si nanotubes and bulk Si@C nanocomposites. The outstanding electrochemical performance can be attributed to the fact that the coaxial nanotubular structures can provide enough space to accommodate the large volume changes and give more reaction sites for lithium ions, while the introduction of the carbon layer can enhance the electronic conductivity and stabilize the Si–electrolyte interface and nanotubular structure during the lithiation/delithiation process.

Graphical abstract: Porous Si@C coaxial nanotubes: layer-by-layer assembly on ZnO nanorod templates and application to lithium-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Dec 2016, accepted on 19 Jan 2017 and first published on 19 Jan 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6CE02595A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 1220-1229

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    Porous Si@C coaxial nanotubes: layer-by-layer assembly on ZnO nanorod templates and application to lithium-ion batteries

    Y. Chen, N. Du, H. Zhang and D. Yang, CrystEngComm, 2017, 19, 1220
    DOI: 10.1039/C6CE02595A

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