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Issue 38, 2016
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1,2,4-Triazole-based molecular switches: crystal structures, Hirshfeld surface analysis and optical properties

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Abstract

We have studied a series of eight closely related N-salicylidene-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole molecules 1–8, obtained by condensation of the corresponding aldehyde with 4-amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole. 1H NMR spectroscopy in solution revealed the presence of a single structure at least in DMSO-d6. According to single-crystal X-ray diffraction, it was established that the crystal structures of 5–8 each are stabilized by a linear intramolecular hydrogen bond of the O–H⋯N type, formed between the o-OH hydrogen atom of the phenolic ring and the imine nitrogen atom. The same o-OH function in the crystal structures of 1–4 was found to be involved in the intermolecular hydrogen bonds with one of the triazole nitrogen atoms of the adjacent molecule. The overall geometry of each molecule in the structures of 1–8 was found to be almost planar or slightly deviated from planarity. Hirshfeld surface analysis showed that the structures of all compounds are mainly characterized by H⋯H, H⋯C, H⋯N and H⋯O contacts but some contribution from C⋯C and C⋯N contacts is also clearly observed. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy reveals the exclusive presence of the enol form in the solid state at room temperature for 1–6 and 8, while a mixture of dominant enol and cis-keto forms were found for 7. All the studied molecules 1–8 were not photoswitchable, while 7 was found to be thermochromic from coloured to colourless upon cooling.

Graphical abstract: 1,2,4-Triazole-based molecular switches: crystal structures, Hirshfeld surface analysis and optical properties

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
03 Apr 2016
Accepted
20 May 2016
First published
06 Jun 2016

CrystEngComm, 2016,18, 7284-7296
Article type
Paper

1,2,4-Triazole-based molecular switches: crystal structures, Hirshfeld surface analysis and optical properties

D. A. Safin, K. Robeyns and Y. Garcia, CrystEngComm, 2016, 18, 7284
DOI: 10.1039/C6CE00749J

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