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Issue 3, 2014
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Self-assembly of [Cu3I2]- or [CuI]n-based (n = 2, 4, and ∞) coordination polymers from unsymmetrical bis(pyridyl) and in situ ligands: syntheses, structures, and properties

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Abstract

Five new copper coordination polymers, [CuI(L1a)]n (1), [Cu1.5I(dmtrz)0.5(PPh3)]n·0.5n(CH3CN) (2), [Cu2I2(L1b)]n (3), [Cu4I4(L2)]n·nH2O (4), and [CuI(L3)]n (5) (L1a = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)formamide, Hdmtrz = 3,5-dimethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazole, L1b = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)pyridin-3-amine, L2 = N-(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)pyridin-3-amine, L3 = N-(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)pyridin-2-amine), have been synthesized by the solvothermal reactions of CuI and three unsymmetrical bis(pyridyl) ligands in mixed methanol–acetonitrile solution and characterized using elemental analysis, IR, TG, PL, XPS, powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In 1, the ligand L1a is in situ generated from N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)pyridin-3-amine (L1) and bridges adjacent Cu2I2 rhomboid units, forming a double chain structure. The rare Cu3I2 clusters in 2 are linked by the dmtrz monoanion to generate a linear chain structure, in which the dmtrz monoanion is in situ synthesized by a non-ammonia pathway. The L1b in 3 is also in situ generated from L1 and connects adjacent chair like Cu4I4 clusters into a (4,4) layer structure. By contrast, the Cu4I4 cubanes in 4 are linked by the L2 ligands to form a 2-fold interpenetration (44·62) net. The Cu(I) cations in 5 are linked by the μ3-I ions into infinite double-stranded [Cu2I2]n ladder chains, which are further extended into a layer structure by the L3 molecules. Moreover, the binding energies of the Cu 2p3/2 level in the XPS spectra are typical for a Cu(I) oxidation state. For the N1s, the different binding energies in the XPS spectra can be attributed to the N atoms with different chemical environments. Luminescent property investigation shows that only 5 exhibits a blue emission maximum at 475 nm.

Graphical abstract: Self-assembly of [Cu3I2]- or [CuI]n-based (n = 2, 4, and ∞) coordination polymers from unsymmetrical bis(pyridyl) and in situ ligands: syntheses, structures, and properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Sep 2013, accepted on 31 Oct 2013 and first published on 01 Nov 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41774C
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2014,16, 359-368

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    Self-assembly of [Cu3I2]- or [CuI]n-based (n = 2, 4, and ∞) coordination polymers from unsymmetrical bis(pyridyl) and in situ ligands: syntheses, structures, and properties

    Z. Zhang, Z. Deng, X. Zhang, L. Huo, H. Zhao and S. Gao, CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 359
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41774C

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