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Issue 3, 2014
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Novel three-dimensional NiCo2O4 hierarchitectures: solvothermal synthesis and electrochemical properties

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Abstract

Three-dimensional flower-like NiCo2O4 hierarchitectures have been successfully prepared on a large scale via a facile solvothermal method followed by an annealing process. The as-synthesized NiCo2O4 flower-like architectures have uniform diameters of about 500 nm assembled by numerous nanosheets radially grown from the center. The possible growth mechanism of the unique structures has been investigated. Both the poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) surfactant and the formation of metal glycolate play important roles in the formation of these novel three-dimensional flower-like hierarchitectures. With a large surface specific area of 212.6 m2 g−1, this novel NiCo2O4 material exhibited a superior specific capacitance of 1191.2 F g−1 and 755.2 F g−1 at current densities of 1 and 10 A g−1, respectively, which suggests that 63.4% of the capacitance is still retained when the charge–discharge rate is increased from 1 A g−1 to 10 A g−1. This superior electrochemical performance of NiCo2O4 as an electrode material for supercapacitors can be ascribed to the synergetic effect of the porous structure and the small diffusion lengths in the nanosheet building blocks. The simple, versatile and cost-effective route reported here may provide a general methodology for the high-yield synthesis of metal cobaltite nanostructures featuring improved properties and structures.

Graphical abstract: Novel three-dimensional NiCo2O4 hierarchitectures: solvothermal synthesis and electrochemical properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Sep 2013, accepted on 17 Oct 2013 and first published on 18 Oct 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41768A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2014,16, 385-392

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    Novel three-dimensional NiCo2O4 hierarchitectures: solvothermal synthesis and electrochemical properties

    C. An, Y. Wang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, C. Xu, L. Jiao and H. Yuan, CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 385
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41768A

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