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Issue 14, 2013
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Hydrothermal syntheses, crystal structures and physical properties of a new family of energetic coordination polymers with nitrogen-rich ligand N-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)ethyl]glycine

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Abstract

Hydrothermal reaction of N-(2-cyanoethyl)glycine and NaN3 with corresponding metal salts yielded three energetic coordination polymers: [Zn(tzeg)]n1 and [M(tzeg)(H2O)]n (M = Cd2+ for 2, Cu2+ for 3) (H2tzeg = N-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)ethyl]glycine), which were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Nitrogen-rich tzeg2− ligand is a new in situ generated organic compound through [2 + 3] cycloaddition reaction of nitrile and azide, which adopts two different coordination modes in 1–3. Polymer 1 features an achiral 3D network built up by interweaving of left/right-handed helical channels. Isostructural 2 and 3 exhibit an achiral 2D network formed alternately by left/right-handed helical chains. As nitrogen-rich energetic materials, 1 and 3 possess higher enthalpies of combustionHc), which are −12.054 and −11.583 kJ g−1, respectively, than the classical energetic compounds 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5,-triazine (RDX, −9.6 kJ g−1) and 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX, −9.44 to −9.88 kJ g−1). The solid-state excitation and emission spectra for 1–3 were investigated at room temperature, which reveals ligand-centered luminescent emissions in the intensity order of 2 > 1 > 3. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility data show that 3 displays a weak antiferromagnetic interaction mainly resulting from magnetic exchange coupling between Cu2+ ions through double tetrazolato bridges.

Graphical abstract: Hydrothermal syntheses, crystal structures and physical properties of a new family of energetic coordination polymers with nitrogen-rich ligand N-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)ethyl]glycine

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Dec 2012, accepted on 23 Jan 2013 and first published on 23 Jan 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE27048C
CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 2616-2623

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    Hydrothermal syntheses, crystal structures and physical properties of a new family of energetic coordination polymers with nitrogen-rich ligand N-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)ethyl]glycine

    S. Wang, F. Zheng, M. Wu, Z. Liu, J. Chen, G. Guo and A. Wu, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 2616
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE27048C

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