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Issue 15, 2013
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Chloramphenicol·cyclodextrin inclusion compounds: co-dissolution and mechanochemical preparations and antibacterial action

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Abstract

β-Cyclodextrin (βCD) inclusion compounds of chloramphenicol in the solid-state were prepared via two different procedures, co-crystallisation from aqueous solution and the solvent-free method of co-grinding. Chloramphenicol inclusion into permethylated βCD (TRIMEB) was also performed by co-dissolution in ethanol. The co-crystallisation procedure was the best for preparing chloramphenicol·βCD in 1 : 1 stoichiometry in high purity, while with the co-grinding treatment and the same starting proportion, a complete inclusion was not achieved. Microcrystals of chloramphenicol·βCD inclusion compound presented polymorphism, crystallising simultaneously in the triclinic P1 or monoclinic C2 space groups. Only crystals of the latter were suitable for single-crystal diffraction and data for the guest atoms was comprised of a smeared-out electron cloud, so theoretical calculations were used to propose their plausible geometry and location inside the host molecules. The co-grinding procedure curbed polymorphism and allowed the preparation of chloramphenicol·βCD in the amorphous state; chloramphenicol·TRIMEB prepared by co-dissolution of the components in a 1 : 1 proportion was also an amorphous material. The influence of inclusion with βCD and TRIMEB on the antimicrobial performance of chloramphenicol was evaluated, and both inclusion compounds demonstrated selective action against Enterococcus faecalis strains ATCC 29212 and A33562 and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644. Chloramphenicol·TRIMEB also had higher activity against the E. faecalis strains A35906, 9308 and E4856 and against Listeria inocua.

Graphical abstract: Chloramphenicol·cyclodextrin inclusion compounds: co-dissolution and mechanochemical preparations and antibacterial action

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
31 Aug 2012
Accepted
23 Jan 2013
First published
24 Jan 2013

CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 2822-2834
Article type
Paper

Chloramphenicol·cyclodextrin inclusion compounds: co-dissolution and mechanochemical preparations and antibacterial action

A. I. Ramos, T. M. Braga, P. Silva, J. A. Fernandes, P. Ribeiro-Claro, M. D. F. S. Lopes, F. A. A. Paz and S. S. Braga, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 2822
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE26414A

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