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Issue 9, 2012
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Liquid–liquid interface-assisted solvothermal synthesis of durian-like α-Fe2O3 hollow spheres constructed by nano-polyhedrons

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Abstract

Novel durian-like α-Fe2O3 hollow spheres have been successfully synthesized via a simple benzene/water two-phase interface-assisted solvothermal approach and sequential calcinations. The prepared samples were characterized using XRD, FESEM, TEM, HRTEM, SAED, FT-IR, VSM and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. The results revealed that the as-obtained hierarchical hollow spheres were assembled by numerous single-crystalline polyhedral particles and had an average diameter of 480–600 nm. It was found that both the interfacial reaction and PVP molecules in the reaction system played key roles in the formation of the hierarchical hollow spheres. In the absence of a benzene/water interface, only a large number of microrods were obtained. The presence of the benzene/water interface could also accelerate the phase transformation from α-FeOOH to α-Fe2O3. When no PVP was introduced into the reaction system, solid spherical particles were synthesized. On the basis of a series of time-dependent experiments, the mechanism for the formation of the novel hierarchical hollow spheres was proposed. Furthermore, the as-obtained hierarchical structured hematite hollow spheres have been used as an absorbent in wastewater treatment to remove the heavy metal ion Cr(VI).

Graphical abstract: Liquid–liquid interface-assisted solvothermal synthesis of durian-like α-Fe2O3 hollow spheres constructed by nano-polyhedrons

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Article information


Submitted
23 Oct 2011
Accepted
17 Jan 2012
First published
23 Feb 2012

CrystEngComm, 2012,14, 3056-3062
Article type
Paper

Liquid–liquid interface-assisted solvothermal synthesis of durian-like α-Fe2O3 hollow spheres constructed by nano-polyhedrons

X. Cheng, J. Jiang, M. Hu, G. Mao, Z. Liu, Y. Zeng and Q. Zhang, CrystEngComm, 2012, 14, 3056
DOI: 10.1039/C2CE06411A

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