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Issue 10, 2012
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Syntheses of Au–Cu-rich AuAg(AgCl)Cu alloy and Ag–Cu-rich AuAgCu@Cu core–shell and AuAgCu alloy nanoparticles using a polyol method

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Abstract

Core–shell and alloy types of nanoparticles including Au, Ag, and Cu components were prepared by reducing mixtures of HAuCl4·4H2O, AgNO3, and Cu(OAc)2·H2O in ethylene glycol (EG) in the presence of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) at 175 °C. At a HAuCl4·4H2O : AgNO3 : Cu(OAc)2·H2O molar ratio of 1 : 2 : 1, mixtures of Au–Cu-rich AuAg(AgCl)Cu alloy nanoparticles and AgCl precipitates were formed after 2.5–35 min heating. On the other hand, at a HAuCl4·4H2O : AgNO3 : Cu(OAc)2·H2O molar ratio of 0.0065 : 2 : 1, at which the formation of AgCl precipitate was suppressed, Ag–Cu-rich AuAgCu alloy particles were prepared via AuAgCu@Cu core–shell particles after 2.5–34 min heating. The growth mechanisms of AuAg(AgCl)Cu, AuAgCu@Cu, and AuAgCu particles were examined using TEM-energy dispersed X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), and ultraviolet (UV)-visible (Vis)-near infrared (NIR) extinction spectral data. The time dependence of UV-Vis-NIR spectral data indicated that the Cu components of AuAg(AgCl)Cu and AuAgCu alloy particles retained good anti-oxidation properties about 1 month after preparation.

Graphical abstract: Syntheses of Au–Cu-rich AuAg(AgCl)Cu alloy and Ag–Cu-rich AuAgCu@Cu core–shell and AuAgCu alloy nanoparticles using a polyol method

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
31 Aug 2011
Accepted
08 Feb 2012
First published
15 Mar 2012

CrystEngComm, 2012,14, 3623-3632
Article type
Paper

Syntheses of Au–Cu-rich AuAg(AgCl)Cu alloy and Ag–Cu-rich AuAgCu@Cu core–shell and AuAgCu alloy nanoparticles using a polyol method

M. Tsuji, M. Matsunaga, T. Ishizaki and T. Nonaka, CrystEngComm, 2012, 14, 3623
DOI: 10.1039/C2CE06119H

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