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Issue 2, 2009
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Ammonium salts of carbamoyldicyanomethanide, C(CN)2(CONH2): Effects of hydrogen-bonding cations on anionic networks

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Abstract

A series of five salts of carboamoyldicyanomethanide, C(CN)2(CONH2)cdm, have been synthesised and structurally characterised using different cations; ammonium (1), methylammonium (2), dimethylammonium (3), trimethylammonium (4) and tetramethylammonium (5). These organic salts vary in the degree of hydrogen-bonding interactions that the cation can partake in with minimal change in the size of the cation. The structure of 1 shows the NH4 cation involved in extensive hydrogen bonding to the cdm anions to form a 3D network with minimal interaction between anions and the disruption of previously observed supramolecular synthons that occur between cdm anions. In contrast to this the structure of 5 contains no hydrogen-bonding between cations and anions and leads to the formation of a corrugated sheet containing only interactions between neighbouring anions. The intermediate cases involving the MeH3N+ (2), Me2H2N+ (3) and Me3HN+ (4) cations, display a 2D hydrogen bonded sheet in the case of 2 and 1D chains in the structures of 3 and 4. The structure of a larger tetraalkylammonium salt, (Et3MeN)cdm (6) contains a similar sheet network to that of the Me4N+ compound with subtle changes due to the increase in size of the counter cation. The role of the steric bulk of the counter-cation has been further investigated by the synthesis of the benzyltrimethylammonium salt of cdm (7) in which the anions form a previously observed 1D chain motif and are well separated due to the bulk of the cation.

Graphical abstract: Ammonium salts of carbamoyldicyanomethanide, C(CN)2(CONH2)−: Effects of hydrogen-bonding cations on anionic networks

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
11 Sep 2008
Accepted
20 Oct 2008
First published
18 Nov 2008

CrystEngComm, 2009,11, 298-305
Article type
Paper

Ammonium salts of carbamoyldicyanomethanide, C(CN)2(CONH2): Effects of hydrogen-bonding cations on anionic networks

D. R. Turner, R. MacDonald, W. Teng Lee and S. R. Batten, CrystEngComm, 2009, 11, 298 DOI: 10.1039/B815926B

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