Tetrabenzo-Chichibabin's hydrocarbons: substituent effects and unusual thermochromic and thermomagnetic behaviours†
Open-shell π-conjugated compounds have recently received intense attention due to their unique properties and promising applications in materials science. However, the experiments on how the substituents affect their chemical bonding and structural motif remain less addressed. In this work, a series of tetrabenzo-Chichibabin's hydrocarbon (TBC) derivatives substituted by different electron-donating or -withdrawing groups at the termini were synthesized. The substituent effect was studied via X-ray crystallographic analysis. The strong electron-donating dimethylamino-group substituted TBC derivative underwent simultaneous oxidation to give two cyanine-like moieties at the termini. More interestingly, it exhibited unusual thermochromic and thermomagnetic behaviours.