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Issue 7, 2011

‘Supramolecular wrapping chemistry’ by helix-forming polysaccharides: a powerful strategy for generating diverse polymeric nano-architectures

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Abstract

We have exploited novel supramolecular wrapping techniques by helix-forming polysaccharides, β-1,3-glucans, which have strong tendency to form regular helical structures on versatile nanomaterials in an induced-fit manner. This approach is totally different from that using the conventional interpolymer interactions seen in both natural and synthetic polymeric architectures, and therefore has potential to create novel polymeric architectures with diverse and unexpected functionalities. The wrapping by β-1,3-glucans enforces the entrapped guest polymer to adopt helical or twisted conformations through the convergent interpolymer interactions. On the contrary, the wrapping by chemically modified semi-artificial β-1,3-glucans can bestow the divergent self-assembling abilities on the entrapped guest polymer to create hierarchical polymeric architectures, where the polymer/β-1,3-glucan composite acts as a huge one-dimensional building block. Based on the established wrapping strategy, we have further extended the wrapping techniques toward the creation of three-dimensional polymeric architectures, in which the polymer/β-1,3-glucan composite behaves as a sort of amphiphilic block copolymers. The present wrapping system would open several paths to accelerate the development of the polymeric supramolecular assembly systems, giving the strong stimuli to the frontier of polysaccharide-based functional chemistry.

Graphical abstract: ‘Supramolecular wrapping chemistry’ by helix-forming polysaccharides: a powerful strategy for generating diverse polymeric nano-architectures

Article information


Submitted
09 Aug 2010
Accepted
25 Nov 2010
First published
19 Jan 2011

Chem. Commun., 2011,47, 1961-1975
Article type
Feature Article

‘Supramolecular wrapping chemistry’ by helix-forming polysaccharides: a powerful strategy for generating diverse polymeric nano-architectures

M. Numata and S. Shinkai, Chem. Commun., 2011, 47, 1961 DOI: 10.1039/C0CC03133J

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