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Issue 9, 2015
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Cellular effects of magnetic nanoparticles explored by atomic force microscopy

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Abstract

The investigation of subtle change of cells exposed to nanomaterials is extremely essential but also challenging for nanomaterial-based biological applications. In this study, atomic force microscopy (AFM) was employed to investigate the effects of iron–iron oxide core–shell magnetic nanoparticles on the mechanical properties of bovine articular chondrocytes (BACs). After being exposed to the nanoparticles even at a high nanoparticle-concentration (50 μg mL−1), no obvious difference was observed by using conventional methods, including the WST-1 assay and live/dead staining. However a significant difference of Young's modulus of the cells was detected by AFM even when the concentration of nanoparticles applied in the cell culture medium was low (10 μg mL−1). The difference of cellular Young's modulus increased with the increase of nanoparticle concentration. AFM was demonstrated to be a useful tool to identify the subtle change of cells when they were exposed to nanomaterials even at a low concentration.

Graphical abstract: Cellular effects of magnetic nanoparticles explored by atomic force microscopy

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Apr 2015, accepted on 02 Jun 2015 and first published on 18 Jun 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5BM00141B
Citation: Biomater. Sci., 2015,3, 1284-1290

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    Cellular effects of magnetic nanoparticles explored by atomic force microscopy

    H. Mao, J. Li, I. Dulińska-Molak, N. Kawazoe, Y. Takeda, H. Mamiya and G. Chen, Biomater. Sci., 2015, 3, 1284
    DOI: 10.1039/C5BM00141B

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