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Issue 13, 2014
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Detection of quinolone antibiotics with electrochemiluminescence of bimetallic ruthenium complex [(bpy)2Ru(bpy)(CH2)8(bpy)Ru(bpy)2]4+

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Abstract

Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of bimetallic ruthenium tris-bipyridyl complex [(bpy)2Ru(bpy)(CH2)8(bpy)Ru(bpy)2]4+ at a glassy carbon electrode has been employed for the determination of the four widely used quinolone antibiotics. The method gave a linear response from 1.0 × 10−13 to 1.0 × 10−6 mol L−1, 1.0 × 10−14 to 1.0 × 10−7 mol L−1, 1.0 × 10−15 to 1.0 × 10−6 mol L−1, and 1.0 × 10−15 to 1.0 × 10−6 mol L−1 concentration ranges for ofloxacin, levofloxacin, norfloxacin, and ciprofloxacin, respectively. Remarkable quantitation limits of 1.0 × 10−13, 1.0 × 10−14, 1.0 × 10−15, and 1.0 × 10−15 mol L−1 were observed for the detection of ofloxacin, levofloxacin, norfloxacin, and ciprofloxacin in phosphate buffer (0.10 mol L−1). These detection levels were much lower than those observed for other detection methods. The proposed method was successfully employed in the determination of ofloxacin, levofloxacin, norfloxacin, and ciprofloxacin after their addition into milk samples. Good reproducibility and stability were observed. This method allows for the development of an ECL-based method for the detection of quinolone antibiotic residues.

Graphical abstract: Detection of quinolone antibiotics with electrochemiluminescence of bimetallic ruthenium complex [(bpy)2Ru(bpy)(CH2)8(bpy)Ru(bpy)2]4+

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
13 Mar 2014
Accepted
11 Apr 2014
First published
14 Apr 2014

Anal. Methods, 2014,6, 4661-4666
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Detection of quinolone antibiotics with electrochemiluminescence of bimetallic ruthenium complex [(bpy)2Ru(bpy)(CH2)8(bpy)Ru(bpy)2]4+

F. Liu, Y. Gao and Y. Zhao, Anal. Methods, 2014, 6, 4661
DOI: 10.1039/C4AY00632A

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