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Issue 8, 2011
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Synthesis and cell-surface binding of lectin-gold nanoparticle conjugates

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Abstract

In this paper, we report a generalized functionalisation strategy, which enables conjugation of lectin to a gold nanoparticle (GNP) surface without affecting the lectin properties. The lectin-GNP conjugates are prepared by coupling lectins to the GNP surfaces through a bifunctional linker PEG NHS ester disulfide (NHS-PEG-S-S-PEG-NHS). Subsequently, additional PEG-thiol (mPEG-SH) ligand is applied to the GNP suspension in order to block nonspecific adsorption sites on the GNP surface and improve the stability of the lectin-GNP conjugate. The interactions of six lectin-GNP conjugates with six cell lines have been visualized by conventional microscopy and semi-quantitatively analyzed by the UV-visible spectroscopic technique, respectively. The experimental results demonstrate that the lectin-GNP conjugates can bind to living cells with high efficiency and have a great promise to be used as optical probes for monitoring specific affinities of cells with lectins, and evaluating glycosyl complexes on living cell surfaces.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and cell-surface binding of lectin-gold nanoparticle conjugates

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Mar 2011, accepted on 26 May 2011 and first published on 14 Jul 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1AY05151B
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2011,3, 1745-1751
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    Synthesis and cell-surface binding of lectin-gold nanoparticle conjugates

    J. Wang, D. Liu and Z. Wang, Anal. Methods, 2011, 3, 1745
    DOI: 10.1039/C1AY05151B

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