Nitrogen and copper-doped carbon quantum dots with intrinsic peroxidase-like activity for double-signal detection of phenol†
Herein, a simple and facile one-step hydrothermal carbonization synthesis procedure for the fabrication of N, Cu-doped carbon quantum dots (N, Cu-CQDs) as a peroxidase-mimicking enzyme was reported. The peroxidase-like performance of N, Cu-CQDs was assessed based on the oxidative coupling reaction of phenol with 4-aminoantipyrine (4-AAP) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The N, Cu-CQDs/4-AAP/H2O2 system was applied to sensing phenol based on double signals of absorption spectra (or colorimetric visualization) as well as fluorescence spectra. The obtained limits of detection (LODs) were as low as 0.12 μM and 0.02 μM, respectively. Moreover, the proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of phenol in sewage with satisfactory recovery. Our results demonstrate that the N, Cu-CQDs/4-AAP/H2O2/phenol sensing system has a great potential prospect for applications in environmental chemistry and biotechnology.