Application of DNA nanodevices for biosensing
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the carrier of genetic information in living life, is an essential biomacromolecule in almost all living systems. DNA has advantages including, programmability, predictability, high rigidity, and stability. Through self-assembly or combination with other nanomaterials (such as gold nanoparticles, graphene oxides, quantum dots, and polymers), DNA can be applied to construct specific, stable, biocompatible, and functional nanodevices. DNA nanodevices have made greater contributions in a plethora of fields. In this review, we discuss the recent progress of DNA nanodevices in molecular detection and analysis. Meanwhile, we prospect the development of various DNA devices in biological analysis, clinical diagnosis and biomedical research.