Direct analysis in real time coupled with quadrupole-Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry for rapid analysis of pyrethroid preservatives in wooden food contact materials†
A methodology is presented for the determination of four pyrethroid (PYR) preservatives in wooden food contact materials (FCMs) using direct analysis in real time (DART) coupled with quadrupole-Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry (Q-Orbitrap HRMS). The sampling mode and critical parameters of the DART-Q-Orbitrap HRMS protocol were systematically investigated. Good linearity was achieved for the four analytes with correlation coefficients all greater than 0.99. The limits of detection (LODs) and limits of quantitation (LOQs) of the method were in the range of 0.04–0.20 mg kg−1 and 0.10–0.50 mg kg−1, respectively. The mean recoveries ranged from 72.1% to 82.7% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) from 5.2% to 11.8% at three spiked levels. The developed method was proved to be suitable for rapid screening of PYRs in complex wooden FCM samples to ensure product safety and consumer health.