Neglected nano-effects of nanoparticles in the interpretation of their toxicity
Nanoparticles with smaller diameters have larger surface areas. Unfortunately, this fact is often neglected in their biomedical characterization, e.g. in the evaluation of their toxicity with cell viability tests. We here point out the different scientific conclusions drawn in such tests when considering the traditional mass or concentration of nanoparticles, or their surface areas.