In vitro field potential monitoring on a multi-microelectrode array for the electrophysiological long-term screening of neural stem cell maturation
Due to the lack of appropriate cell models as well as automated electrophysiology monitoring technologies, the standardized identification of neurotoxic or protective effects in vitro remains a major problem in today's pharmaceutical ingredient development. Over the past few years, in vivo-like human pluripotent stem cell-derived neuronal networks have turned out to be a promising physiological cell source, if the establishment of robust and time-saving functional maturation strategies based on stable and expandable neural progenitor populations can be achieved. Here, we describe a multi-microelectrode array (MMEA)-based bioelectronics platform that was optimized for long-term electrophysiological activity monitoring of neuronal networks via field potential measurements. Differentiation of small molecule-based neuronal progenitors on MMEAs led to functional neurons within 15 days. More strikingly, these functional neuronal cultures could remain electrophysiologically stable on the MMEAs for more than four weeks. The observed electrophysiological properties correlated with the expression of typical neuron subtype markers and were further validated by specific neurotransmitter applications. With our established monitoring platform, we could show for the first time the long-term stability of the neural stem cell-like progenitor population to differentiate to electrophysiologically active dopaminergic neuronal networks for more than 80 passages. In conclusion, we provide a comprehensive long-term stable field potential monitoring platform based on stem cell-derived human neuronal networks that can be automated and up-scaled for standardized high-content screening applications e.g. in the field of neurotoxic and neuroprotective therapeutics identification.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles