A microporous silk carbon–ionic liquid composite for the electrochemical sensing of dopamine†
Porous silk carbon (Silk C) was obtained through carbonization and KOH activation of natural silk cocoons. The as-prepared Silk C presented the good characteristics of a large surface area (SBET: 2854.53 m2 g−1) and a high volume of pores (1.54 cm3 g−1) with uniform micropores (2.5 nm) and multiple defects. The metal-free silk carbon–ionic liquid (Silk C–IL) composite, synthesized by modifying Silk C with ionic liquid through non-covalent (π–π) interactions under grinding conditions, was prepared for electrochemical determination of dopamine (DA). The detection limit of DA was 79 nM (S/N = 3) with a linear range from 0.6 μM to 140 μM. Meanwhile, the as-made Silk C–IL/GCE presented good selectivity for DA detection from other possible interferences, such as ascorbic acid, glucose and uric acid. Furthermore, the Silk C–IL/GCE was also successfully used for the detection of DA in fetal bovine serum and dopamine hydrochloride injection samples.
- This article is part of the themed collection: In memory of Craig Lunte