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Issue 1, 2013
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Multiplex flow cytometric immunoassay for serum biomarker profiling of recombinant bovine somatotropin

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Abstract

Recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) is licensed for enhancing milk production in dairy cows in some countries, for instance the United States, but is banned in Europe. Serum biomarker profiling can be an adequate approach to discriminate between treated and untreated groups. In this study a multiplex screening tool of a small set of biomarkers for pinpointing recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) (ab)use was developed and evaluated: insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), IGF binding protein 2 (IGFBP2) and rbST-induced antibodies were selected as rbST dependent markers and combined in one parallel assay format. For this, the color-encoded microspheres were used in a suspension array, with a dedicated flow cytometer. Serum samples obtained from an animal experiment with rbST-treated and untreated dairy cows were measured with the developed triplex immunoassay and biomarker responses on rbST treatment were evaluated. This resulted in characteristic treatment-dependent responses for all three individual biomarkers. Combining these results with the statistical prediction model k-nearest neighbours (kNN), resulted in good discrimination of treated and untreated animals: an overall sensitivity (true positive rate) of 89.1% and an overall specificity (true negative rate) of 97.7% were reached. Therefore, this is the first multiplex method which can be applied with high confidence for screening of unknown herds of cattle pinpointing at rbST (ab)use.

Graphical abstract: Multiplex flow cytometric immunoassay for serum biomarker profiling of recombinant bovine somatotropin

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Article information


Submitted
17 Feb 2012
Accepted
27 Jun 2012
First published
28 Jun 2012

Analyst, 2013,138, 111-117
Article type
Paper

Multiplex flow cytometric immunoassay for serum biomarker profiling of recombinant bovine somatotropin

N. G. Esther Smits, S. K. Julie Ludwig, G. Van der Veer, M. G. Eleonore Gerarda Bremer and M. W. Franciscus Nielen, Analyst, 2013, 138, 111
DOI: 10.1039/C2AN35226E

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