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Issue 13, 2012
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Amplified quenching of electrochemiluminescence from CdS sensitized TiO2 nanotubes by CdTe–carbon nanotube composite for detection of prostate protein antigen in serum

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Abstract

This work reports an ECL immunoassay method for ultrasensitive detection of prostate protein antigen (PSA), by remarkably efficient energy-transfer induced electrochemiluminescence (ECL) quenching from the CdS nanoparticles (NPs) sensitized TiO2 nanotube array (CdS–TiO2 NTs) to the activated CdTe NPs functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CdTe–MWNTs) composite. The coupling of TiO2 and CdS NPs results in a cathodic ECL intensity 14.7 times stronger than that of the pure TiO2 NTs electrode, which could be efficiently quenched by the CdTe–MWNTs. The enhanced mechanism of TiO2 NTs ECL by CdS NPs was studied in detail by cyclic voltammetry and ECL spectroscopy. The strong absorption of the CdTe–MWNTs in the wavelength range of 400–800 nm renders them highly efficient for ECL quenching labeled on anti-PSA antibody. Based on a sandwich structure, we developed an ECL immunoassay method for the sensitive and selective detection of PSA. The ECL intensity decrement was logarithmically related to the concentration of the PSA in the range of 1.0 fg mL−1 to 10 pg mL−1 with a detection limit of 1 fg mL−1. Human serum samples were then tested using the proposed immunoassay with excellent correlations, suggesting that the proposed immunoassay method is of great promise in clinical screening of cancer biomarkers.

Graphical abstract: Amplified quenching of electrochemiluminescence from CdS sensitized TiO2 nanotubes by CdTe–carbon nanotube composite for detection of prostate protein antigen in serum

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Apr 2012, accepted on 01 May 2012 and first published on 01 May 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2AN35493D
Citation: Analyst, 2012,137, 3070-3075

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    Amplified quenching of electrochemiluminescence from CdS sensitized TiO2 nanotubes by CdTe–carbon nanotube composite for detection of prostate protein antigen in serum

    C. Tian, W. Zhao, J. Wang, J. Xu and H. Chen, Analyst, 2012, 137, 3070
    DOI: 10.1039/C2AN35493D

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