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Issue 6, 2011
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Online transient isotachophoresis concentration by the pseudo-terminating electrolyte buffer for the separation of DNA–aptamer and its thrombin complex in poly(methyl methacrylate) microchip

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Abstract

Online automatic transient isotachophoresis concentration of DNA–aptamer and its thrombin complex by using one kind of pseudo-terminating electrolyte buffer in a cross-channel poly(methyl methacrylate) microchip is reported. Sample injection, transient concentration and separation were done continuously and controlled by a sequential voltage switching program, time-consuming steps and complicated chip design were not required. Peak resolution between DNA–aptamer and its thrombin complex was influenced by this novel pseudo-terminating electrolyte buffer, which was prepared by the addition of chemical component with slow mobility into the same buffer as leading electrolyte buffer. 1100-fold signal enhancement of thrombin complex was achieved by this transient isotachophoresis on a standard cross-form microchip. The concentration effect or standing time of transient isotachophoresis was proved to be influenced by the concentration of leading electrolyte ion and the concentration of pseudo-terminating electrolyte buffer ion (glycine). The transient concentration was followed by on-chip nondenaturing gel electrophoresis in methylcellulose solution for the size-based separation. The detection limit, taken as the lowest thrombin concentration at threefold S/N, was determined to be 0.5 amol in mass by this method.

Graphical abstract: Online transient isotachophoresis concentration by the pseudo-terminating electrolyte buffer for the separation of DNA–aptamer and its thrombin complex in poly(methyl methacrylate) microchip

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
23 Jun 2010
Accepted
16 Dec 2010
First published
27 Jan 2011

Analyst, 2011,136, 1142-1147
Article type
Paper

Online transient isotachophoresis concentration by the pseudo-terminating electrolyte buffer for the separation of DNA–aptamer and its thrombin complex in poly(methyl methacrylate) microchip

J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Okamoto, N. Kaji, M. Tokeshi and Y. Baba, Analyst, 2011, 136, 1142
DOI: 10.1039/C0AN00434K

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