Opto-fluidic micro-ring resonator for sensitive label-free viral detection
We have demonstrated sensitive label-free virus detection using the opto-fluidic ring resonator (OFRR) sensor. The OFRR is a novel sensing platform that integrates the microfluidics and photonic sensing technology with a low detection limit and small volume. In our experiment, filamentous bacteriophage M13 was used as a safe model system. Virus samples were flowed through the OFRR whose surface was coated with M13-specific antibodies. We studied the sensor performance by monitoring in real-time the virus and antibody interaction. It is shown that OFRR can detect M13 with high specificity and sensitivity. The detection limit is approximately 2.3 × 103 pfu mL−1 and the detection dynamic range spanned seven orders of magnitude. Theoretical analysis was also carried out to confirm the experimental results. Our study will lead to development of novel OFRR-based, sensitive, rapid, and low-cost micro total analysis devices for virus detection.