A new procedure involving chemical polymerization of a monomer of m-phenylenediamine (m-ppd) containing glucose oxidase (GOx) and subsequent electro-synthesis of the functional GOx containing polymer onto platinum needle electrodes (PTNE) was used for the amperometric analysis of glucose concentration in brain dialysates. Monomer solutions of o-phenylenediamine (o-ppd) and m-ppd were polymerized by low concentrations of glutaraldehyde (GA) and precipitated from solution. The 1,3 position of the amines on the benzene was amenable to stable polymerization by GA but polymerization of o-ppd (1,2 position) by GA was unstable and degraded. Polymerization of m-ppd appears to proceed by dehydration synthesis. GA induced polymerization of m-ppd polymer in the presence of GOx produced a polymer with strongly bound, functional GOx. This GOx-m-ppd polymer formed a stable matrix that was effectively employed in flow injection analysis (FIA) of glucose. If maintained under O2 free atmosphere after chemical polymerization, the GOx-m-ppd polymer retained the ability to be electropolymerized. PTNE coated with GOx-m-ppd polymer by repeated dip/amperometry produced stable, sensitive amperometric glucose sensors with good interference exclusion properties and long shelf life. Scanning EM demonstrated that amperometry modified the structure of the GOx-m-ppd on the PTNE surface. GOx-m-ppd PTNE glucose sensors and bare PTNE were placed in a radial flow cell and FIA was employed for the simultaneous measurement of glucose and ascorbic acid, respectively, from dialysates of brain tissue.
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