Emulating synaptic plasticity with a poly[N-(3-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)propyl)methacrylamide] memristor

Abstract

Synaptic plasticity, denoting the variable strength of communication between adjacent neurons, represents a fundamental property of nervous systems that governs learning/forgetting and information storage in memory. It is shown here that a memristor with a poly [N-(3-(9H-carbazole-9-yl) propyl)methacrylamide] (PCaPMA) active layer, sandwiched between ITO and Au or Al electrodes, can emulate such a function. Its resistance, stimulated by a series of low amplitude voltage pulses, can gradually increase or decrease depending on the polarity, number, and frequency of stimulation pulses. Such behaviour is analogous to the potentiation and depression of neuronal synapses. A variety of synaptic functions, including short- and long-term plasticity, paired-pulse facilitation/depression (PPF/D), spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP), and associative learning, have been comprehensively explored on the millisecond timescale and the results suggest the possibility of linking device functions to biological synapse processes. The reported electrical properties have been attributed to a combination of several mechanisms, such as voltage-induced conformation changes, trapping/detrapping of charge carriers at localized sites, and redox phenomena. The results suggest the potential use of this device for applications in artificial intelligence and neuromorphic computing.

Graphical abstract: Emulating synaptic plasticity with a poly[N-(3-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)propyl)methacrylamide] memristor

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
Paper
Submitted
16 Apr 2024
Accepted
28 Jun 2024
First published
01 Jul 2024
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY-NC license

Mater. Adv., 2024, Advance Article

Emulating synaptic plasticity with a poly[N-(3-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)propyl)methacrylamide] memristor

Y. R. Panthi, A. Pandey, A. Šturcová, D. Výprachtický, S. H. Foulger and J. Pfleger, Mater. Adv., 2024, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D4MA00399C

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