Issue 2, 2023

Ultra-fast low temperature scintillation and X-ray luminescence of CsPbCl3 crystals


Halide perovskites recently emerged as promising materials for the detection of ionising radiation. Single crystals of halide perovskites exhibit very fast and bright scintillation when cooled and may outperform the best modern scintillators at temperatures below 100 K. In this work we report on low-temperature scintillation properties of CsPbCl3 single crystals, grown using the Bridgeman method. The temperature dependences of the luminescence and decay kinetics were studied using X-ray excitation. At low temperatures, the crystal exhibits an intense narrow-band emission at about 420 nm with very fast decay kinetics. This emission, of which a characteristic feature is the strong thermal quenching, is attributed to the radiative decays of bound and trapped excitons. The fast, middle, and slow decay time constants obtained from a fit of a sum of exponential functions to the decay curve at 10 K are 0.1, 1 and 11 ns, respectively. The scintillation light yield of CsPbCl3 at 7 K measured at excitation with α-particles from an 241Am source is estimated to be 140 ± 15% of a reference LYSO-Ce crystal and 19000 ± 2000 ph per MeV under 14 keV X-ray excitation at 10 K. It is concluded that owing to a reduced amplitude of the slow decay component, CsPbCl3 exhibits an ultra-fast scintillation response that is superior to that of other halide perovskites. The combination of sub-nanosecond response time and the encouraging light yield has the potential of establishing this material as first choice for scintillation applications that rely on prompt detector response at cryogenic temperatures.

Graphical abstract: Ultra-fast low temperature scintillation and X-ray luminescence of CsPbCl3 crystals

Article information

Article type
31 Oct 2022
16 Nov 2022
First published
19 Dec 2022
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2023,11, 656-665

Ultra-fast low temperature scintillation and X-ray luminescence of CsPbCl3 crystals

V. B. Mykhaylyk, M. Rudko, H. Kraus, V. Kapustianyk, V. Kolomiets, N. Vitoratou, Y. Chornodolskyy, A. S. Voloshinovskii and L. Vasylechko, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2023, 11, 656 DOI: 10.1039/D2TC04631H

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