Issue 35, 2023

Dynamic-bond-induced sticky friction tailors non-Newtonian rheology


Frictional network formation has become a new paradigm for understanding the non-Newtonian shear-thickening behavior of dense suspensions. Recent studies have exclusively focused on interparticle friction that instantaneously vanishes when applied shear is ceased. Herein, we investigate a friction that emerges from dynamic chemical bridging of functionalized particle surfaces sheared into close proximity. This enables tailoring of both friction magnitude and the time release of the frictional coupling. The experiments use dense suspensions of thiol-functionalized particles suspended in ditopic polymers endcapped with benzalcyanoacetamide Michael-acceptors. The subsequent room temperature, catalyst-free dynamic thia-Michael reactions can form bridging interactions between the particles with dynamic covalent bonds that linger after formation and release in the absence of shear. This chemical friction mimics physical friction but is stickier, leading to tunable rheopexy. The effect of sticky friction on dense suspension rheology is explored by varying the electronic nature of the benzalcyanoacetamide moiety, the molecular weight of the ditopic polymers, the amount of a competitive bonding compound, and temperature. These results demonstrate how dynamic-bond-induced sticky friction can be used to systematically control the time dependence of the non-Newtonian suspension rheology.

Graphical abstract: Dynamic-bond-induced sticky friction tailors non-Newtonian rheology

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Article information

Article type
11 Apr 2023
21 Aug 2023
First published
29 Aug 2023
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Soft Matter, 2023,19, 6797-6804

Dynamic-bond-induced sticky friction tailors non-Newtonian rheology

H. Kim, M. van der Naald, N. D. Dolinski, S. J. Rowan and H. M. Jaeger, Soft Matter, 2023, 19, 6797 DOI: 10.1039/D3SM00479A

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