Issue 11, 2023

Reduction reactions at metal/non-aqueous interfaces can be sensed with the turn-on fluorophore resazurin

Abstract

Interfacial oxidation–reduction reactions have important applications in corrosion and catalysis, but traditional electrochemical cell methods cannot be used to study these reactions in non-conducting environments such as non-aqueous solvents. We demonstrate that the molecule resazurin that can be reduced to highly-fluorescent resorufin is compatible for sensing in non-aqueous solvents. We characterize the spectral properties of the dyes in ethanol, dimethylformamide (DMF), acetone, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), showing a ∼10× increase in intensity for “turned-on” resorufin compared to resazurin in all four solvents. We then apply resazurin to sense corrosive reduction reactions at iron surfaces. Increases in fluorescence intensity due to resazurin reduction to resorufin are observed in ethanol, acetone, and DMSO, while DMF had no turn-on. Our work shows that fluorescent dyes have considerable potential to be used to understand redox reactions in non-aqueous solvents, but care must be taken to understand the interplay between the dye, the solvent, and the reactions occurring.

Graphical abstract: Reduction reactions at metal/non-aqueous interfaces can be sensed with the turn-on fluorophore resazurin

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
Research Article
Submitted
20 Dec 2022
Accepted
20 Mar 2023
First published
21 Mar 2023

Mater. Chem. Front., 2023,7, 2260-2265

Reduction reactions at metal/non-aqueous interfaces can be sensed with the turn-on fluorophore resazurin

Z. Gatland, D. Madrid, M. Siegel and L. Kisley, Mater. Chem. Front., 2023, 7, 2260 DOI: 10.1039/D2QM01309F

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